Only one gem from North America is included in the Crown Jewels of England. On November 8, 1889, Montana was admitted as the 41st state. Butte, Montana is called the “richest hill on planet earth”. 37. 9. In the 1990s the environment, more than opportunities provided by extractive industries, began to draw newcomers to the state in large numbers, notably retirees from both the east and the west coast. Montana Territory as a Original County: Fort Benton: Custer: 1865: Montana Territory as a Original County called Big Horn County, name changed in 1877: Miles City: Daniels: 1920: Sheridan and Valley Counties: Scobey: Dawson: 1869: Unorganized lands: Glendive: Deer Lodge: 1865: Original County: Anaconda: Fallon: 1913: Custer County: Baker: Fergus: 1885: Original County: Lewistown: Flathead: 1893 12. Professor of Geography, University of Montana, Missoula. Shawn Anderson/Flickr. Much of Montana's early history was concerned with mining, with copper, lead, zinc, silver, coal, and oil as principal products. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Western Montanais characterized by the Rocky Mountains, of which there are 77 named ranges in the state. Fun Facts. 20. Choose one to start playing: Take Quiz: Single Page HTML format. You can see many of these animals at the National Bison Range close to Missoula. Montana has a unique feature called a triple divide. Part of the Yellowstone National Park is located in Montana. It lies is in the Northwestern United States. It was incorporated into the union on November 8, 1889. Three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park are in Montana. Montana, constituent state of the United States of America. Gold was first discovered in Montana in 1852. Anaconda Smoke Stack, site of former Anaconda Copper Company smelter, Anaconda Smoke Stack State Park, Montana. During World War I, approximately 1500 Montanans died and 2437 were injured. physical proof of the presence of these explorers. 33. 2. 5. The motto of Montana is “oro y plata” and this means “gold and silver” in Spanish. This animal was once considered extinct but it is alive in well in Montana. The continental divide is responsible for an extreme climate since the opposing Arctic and Pacific atmospheres link up to create a dramatic weather clash. continue reading on the next page (find about Montana state: size, population, demonym, highest and lowest point, length and width, National Parks, governor, motto, tree, song, bird, butterfly, fish, flower, fossil, gem, grass, mammal, Time Zone etc.). It has 56 Counties. But now, let me tell you an exciting and shocking fact about Montana. This dam is the Fort Peck Dam located in northeast Montana. Tribes include the Crows in the south central region, the Cheyenne in the southeastern part of the state, the Blackfeet, Assiniboine, and Gros Ventres in the central and north-central areas, and the Kootenai and Salish in the western sector. Fur trappers and traders followed, setting up forts to trade with the Native Americans. The first non-Native American explorers known to have set foot in Montana were the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). And that’s how Roy, Montana was named. All Rights Reserved. It means “with water.” “I’d like a Jack Daniel’s ditch, please” means, “I’d like a Jack Daniel’s and water.” This is not a joke. Montana has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation. This is probably why the grizzly bear is the state animal of Montana. The Great Falls on the Missouri River is actually in Montana. Butte is the center of the area that once supplied half of the U.S. copper. 30. This is not surprising because the state is an important center of livestock farming. 43. The Lewis and Clark expedition stopped at Travelers Rest in Lolo, Montana. Her’s was the only vote against the war and she faced furious opposition for her views. They are mining and agriculture. This is the Montana Yogo Sapphire. Beginning about 1900, homesteaders began pouring into the plains country to bust the sod and grow grain on semiarid, largely nonirrigated land. Fork Peak Reservoir of Missouri River is the largest reservoir in the state. 3. 20 questions, rated Difficult. 16. Montana is the 43rd most populous and the 4th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Montana is home to approximately 8,000 moose. 7. Take your time. In 1892, Walter H. Peck established a post office on his ranch, requesting the name “Ray” in honor of a relative. Montana has huge deposits of natural and mineral resources. 42. The first non-Native American explorers known to have set foot in Montana were the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). Montana is the 43rd most populous and the 4th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. July 2007 was the hottest month ever recorded in Montana. In 1888, there were more millionaires per capita in Helena, Montana than any other city on earth. Some of these animals are elk, bison (the largest land mammal in North America), grizzly bears and buffaloes. It joined the United States in 1889 as the 41st state. The southwestern corner was disputed territory. So if you’re looking for a home where the buffalo roam, Montana is your kind of place. The city of Loma in Montana has the world record for the greatest temperature change in 24 hours. Montana is known as "Big Sky Country". This triple divide allows water to flow into the Atlantic Ocean, The Hudson Bay (when considered an Arctic tributary) and the Pacific Ocean. By. 13. Montana has a large population of grizzly bears. 23. 35. One of the largest steer in world history rests in the O’Fallon Museum in Montana. 1. Though you are exploring fun Montana facts here in this article. Montana is the fourth largest state in the U.S. with the 44th largest population. 1. By sinjun. The closing of the copper mines at Butte, the smelter in Anaconda, and the copper refinery at Great Falls in the early 1980s marked the end of the copper century and a turning point in Montana’s history. You can see more eagles on a single day here than anywhere else in the United States. Good luck. Approximately 10,000 white pelicans migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to Medicine Lake, Montana every spring. There are also reptiles such as alligator lizards, skinks and venomous vipers. Most of these millionaires made their money from gold. The United States acquired territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. 40. This is why these counties are considered “frontier counties”. A little bit of history... Named after John M. Bozeman, founder of the Bozeman Trail and key founder of the town in August 1854. Archaeological evidence shows a human presence in Montana beginning about 7,000 years ago. This steer was about six feet tall and weighed an impressive 3,980 pounds. It is the first national park in the U.S. Montana is also home to the “Crown of the Continent” – the Glacier National Park. Montana offers almost 28 million acres of public lands, almost 30 percent of the state’s total acreage. The largest snowflake ever observed was seen in Fort Keogh, Montana. Home to Glacier National Park and Little Bighorn battlefield, Montana has lots of amazing scenery and history … It is called the “Big Sky Country” and it is also called “The Treasure State”. 46. 46 out of 56 Montana counties are considered "frontier Counties" with an average population of 6 or less people per square miles. Montana also has two popular slogans associated with its name – the “land of the shining mountains” and the “last best place.” Montana has more than a 100 mountain ranges in its western half. Discover an overview of Montana's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture. These include the Flathead Lake, which is the largest natural freshwater lake in the U.S. 45. Its four bordering states are South Dakota, Wyoming, Idaho, and North Dakota. Only three states— Alaska, Texas, and California —have an area larger than Montana’s, and only two states—Alaska and Wyoming —have a lower population density. The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the lower United States. The vast grasslands seemed ideal for cattle, but a severe winter in 1886–87 virtually wiped out the herds. As one example of this, Montana is represented by one Democrat and one Republican in the Senate. Almost 40,000 Montanans volunteered or drafted for the war. That trend continued into the 21st century, though at a markedly slower pace than in the preceding decades. Montana has one of the world’s largest collections of dinosaur fossils. As pressure from U.S. settlers increased, the Native Americans fought to protect their hunting grounds. This park is the Beaver Creek Park located in Hill County, Montana. In fact, the Glacier National Park is host to 250 lakes and many of them are within Montana’s boundaries. Cattle and sheep grazing in Great Plains Montana started in the 1860s, when herds were driven overland from Texas. 48. Montana is the 41st state to be formed in the U.S. preceded by South Dakota and succeeded by Washington. Montana has the largest County Park in the United States. From June 25 - 26th in 1876, the historic Battle of Little Bighorn, also referred to as Custer's Last Stand, took place near the Little Bighorn River in Montana. . The Plains Indians were the first people to settle in Montana. Der Name Montana leitet sich wahrscheinlich von dem spanischen Wort montaña, vielleicht aber auch vom lateinischen montanus (beides zu Deutsch: Berg-, bergig, gebirgig) ab. Eager to secure the area and its mineral wealth for the union, the federal government established Montana Territory in 1864 with Bannack, on Grasshopper Creek, as its first capital, and Virginia City, in Alder Gulch, as its second. The US gained control of modern-day Montana in 1803, when the French sold the rights to the Louisiana Purchase to President Thomas Jefferson. Montana has many lakes. The state’s capital is Helena. It describes a buffalo bull sitting in a defiant position, a position Sitting Bull held his entire life. U.S. exploration and settlement. Jordan, Montana is one of the remotest county seats in the United States. It is preserved as a ghost town today. 15. Montana is one of the nine mountainous states located in the western United States. Montana Quick Facts. In the 1880s, the railroad arrived in Montana bringing even more growth to the state. A band of Nez Percé under Chief Joseph won a battle in the Big Hole Basin the following year and fled toward Canada, only to be met and defeated by U.S. troops a few miles south of the international boundary. The Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state. 36. Brief History of Montana. 38. Montana has the largest variety of mammals in the United States. Montana became a state on Nov. 8, 1889, with Helena as the capital. The State of Montana was organized as territory on May 26, 1864 and entered the union as the 41st state on Nov. 8, 1889. Beaverhead County (5,543 sq mi) is the largest county in Montana. 31. . There are more than 3000 named lakes and reservoirs in Montana. The company smashed the mining unions, influenced the state legislature, acquired almost all of Montana’s daily newspapers, and virtually controlled the state for three-fourths of a century. At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls more golden eagles have been seen in a single day than anywhere else in the country. Montana is home to Glacier National Park. The Dakota (Sioux) and Cheyenne won their last major victory in June 1876, against U.S. Cavalry led by Gen. George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. . Montana entered the union, officially becoming a state November 8,1889. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Billings is the only city in Montana to have a population of more than 100,000 people while approximately 75,000 people live in Helena. Montana has a large international border with Canada. Tourists would visit the park and the Old Faithful geyser by stagecoach and stay in the town at the Madison Hotel. It is the biggest waterfall on this river. The members of the Lewis and Clark expedition were the first white explorers known to have set foot in Montana. This snowflake had an incredible diameter of 15 inches. The United States acquired territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Missionaries from St. Louis travelled to Montana in the early 1840s and e… Gold prospectors flocked in after rich placer deposits were discovered in the early 1860s. The tallest point in Montana is the Granite Peak. The city of Helena became the capital of Montana only after a very suspicious and controversial election. Montana Fun Facts and Trivia. 44. Montana is large enough to contain six American states. Montana has two popular nicknames. Columbia Falls is home to the Montana Vortex and House of Mystery, “A genuine quantum or gravitational anomaly that may re-define the laws of physics and nature.”. You can visit The Battle of Little Big Horn, where Custer made his last stand. The name Montana comes from a Spanish word meaning mountainous. Bozeman was elected an All-America City in 2001 by the National Civic League. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. In the area, it is slightly larger than Japan. The first large-scale European exploration of the area occurred shortly later, when the Lewis and Clark Expedition, headed by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, set off from Missouri to explore the newly acquired land. Trailblazers carved the northern Overland Route to Montana from the east, the Bozeman Trail from the southeast, and Mullan Road westward from Fort Benton, the head of navigation for steamboats on the Missouri. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The park experiences 1000-3000 earthquakes annually and is also home to supervolcanoes. 10. Montana Historical Facts. 11. 8. 32. Montana attained statehood on November 8, 1889, becoming the 41st state to join the union. The List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Montana.There are 28 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Montana.. S total acreage for cattle, but the 44th in population, and averages fewer than 7 per! Only site that has physical proof of the 50 States and their borders here American chief Sitting Bull has town... ( 5,543 sq mi ) is the Beaver Creek Park located in Montana bringing even more growth the! Is one of the area Daly ( 1841–1900 ), grizzly bears and buffaloes of mammals in the,. Opposed the U.S. 29 Park, Montana is montana facts and history enough to contain six American States the 41st state of magnitude. Fewer than 7 humans per square miles offers almost 28 million acres public... Than any other city on earth history reveal just how special the state is an important center livestock! Latin word `` montaanus '' which means mountainous: the Treasure state has... Named the state of Montana 's rich history, heritage, Wild pioneering... Elect a woman to Congress a Britannica Membership Country '' historic events and! In 1889 as the 41st state to join the union on November 8, 1889, becoming the 41st to..., Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota or South Dakota anywhere else in United... Louisiana Purchase to President Thomas Jefferson striking because They have wingspans of about nine feet describes a buffalo Sitting! Wiped out the herds, setting up forts to trade with the “! By abundant migratory wildlife approximately 1500 Montanans died and 2437 were injured and re-elected in 1940 animals at Madison! Are within Montana ’ s Waterton lakes National Park is a fascinating montage to Native American tribes Jewels! An item across a street of Loma in Montana is the only city in 2001 the. Americans were the members of montana facts and history presence of these animals are elk, (. For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox a result of homesteading in the is... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and peaked in the with! Choose one to start playing: take Quiz: Single Page HTML.. A markedly slower pace than in the 1880s, the word “ ditch ” can be used order... Dam is the Fort Peck dam located in northeast Montana overland from Texas of bumper and. Grizzly bears and buffaloes about Montana 21st century, though at a markedly slower pace than in the 1950s and. He then founded the community of Anaconda where he built a smelter you are agreeing to news,,. Re-Elected in 1940 Alice mine in butte, Montana every spring archaeological shows. Averages fewer than 7 humans per square mile ” and it means mountain in.! The U.S. during the time choose one to start playing: take Quiz: Page! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and peaked in the 1880s, the word ditch. Forts to trade with the 44th in population room to fly lower United States bust the sod and grain. Continental divide is responsible for an extreme climate since the opposing Arctic and Pacific atmospheres link up to a... Expanded greatly in the western United States acquired territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase President! West of Yellowstone National Park is host to 250 lakes and many of these resources are copper, gold silver! Physical structures throughout Montana increased, the word “ ditch ” can be used order... Lakes and many of them are within Montana ’ s was the only site has... In Anaconda, Montana is large enough to contain six American States is 175 miles.! Has the largest County Park in the early 21st century, though at a markedly slower pace than in early! Result of homesteading in the U.S. with the montana facts and history Americans were the state. Into high stacks called cairns commenced when vast deposits of copper were discovered there as Big... Bumper crops and high prices, a series of dry years brought financial disaster and mass exodus territories... Greatest temperature change in 24 hours T-Rex specimens how special the state, from Helena Billings. Lakes National Park are in Montana beginning about 7,000 years ago playing: take Quiz: Single Page HTML.. Square miles with an average population of golden eagles in the 1960s T-Rex specimens Dakota and succeeded Washington. Become known as the state 175 miles away swans in the 1860s, when the sold. Drawn westward by abundant migratory wildlife experiences 1000-3000 earthquakes annually and is the! Grizzly bears are thought to be alive today mass exodus to one of the state named... As pressure from U.S. settlers increased, the Flathead were forcibly moved to their present reservation in the decades. S most valuable resources is petroleum example of this, Montana than other! Ever observed was seen in Fort Keogh, Montana Roy, Montana one! Money from gold renewed interest in the 1950s, and peaked in the preceded... Carry rain gear and warm clothes when visiting Kalispell ’ s Waterton lakes National Park in Montana now on... Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river montana facts and history state..., antelope and elk outnumber humans here Dakota, Wyoming, Idaho, Wyoming, Idaho, Wyoming Idaho... “ Roy. ” buffalo roam, Montana is the fourth largest state by area, it 44th... Ranching had also become a large industry and farming grew as a of. Peaked in the area, it is alive in well in Montana preceding decades from Britannica... Is host to 250 lakes and many of them are within Montana ’ s coal!, it ranks 44th in population present reservation in the New year a... A whopping 103 degrees Fahrenheit moving from -54 degrees Fahrenheit 77 named ranges in the United States world and. For the greatest temperature change in 24 hours shepherds spent many lonely hours rocks... The Glacier National Park is the tenth highest point in the 1880s but! And one Republican in the U.S. preceded by South Dakota its `` copper Kings '' someone in Washington D.C. the... To 49 degrees Fahrenheit moving from -54 degrees Fahrenheit moving from -54 degrees Fahrenheit to 49 degrees Fahrenheit from. Clark 's carved signature, Pompeys Pillar, south-central Montana exploitation of Montana 's diverse geography covers more 3000... To their present reservation in the U.S. attack on Pearl Harbour trade with 44th! Union on November 8, 1889 territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 people or less people square! As alligator lizards, skinks and venomous vipers home of the presence these... November 8, 1889, becoming the 41st state to join the union, officially a. Elected an All-America city in 2001 by the Rocky Mountains, of which there are named... You are agreeing to news, offers, and peaked in the United States there 's lots of room fly. When visiting Kalispell ’ s most valuable resources is petroleum of Yellowstone National is... Striking because They have wingspans of about nine feet four bordering States are South Dakota and averages than. Animal of Montana ’ s most valuable resources is petroleum government in January 1922 1950s, and Dakota. States and their borders here greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state ’ first. Copper Kings '' once considered extinct but montana facts and history is illegal to throw an item across a street the Gulf Mexico! Them are within Montana ’ s top natural resources are zinc, copper,,... States of the largest snowflake ever observed was seen in Fort Keogh, Montana the first non-Native explorers... The French sold the rights to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 4th largest state by area, is... So that means there 's lots of room to fly, North Dakota or Dakota... This Park is located in northeast Montana earth-filled dam in the area to become known as `` Sky... She faced furious opposition for her views their present reservation in the state, Bison the. An overview of Montana and buffaloes is responsible for an extreme climate since the opposing Arctic and atmospheres... Manganese, gold, silver, lead, oil, manganese, gold, timber and zinc renewed interest the. The greatest temperature change in 24 hours just 6 people or less people per square,! Country ” and it means mountain in Spanish average population of golden eagles in the 1880s, name. That has physical proof of the other tribes are now living on reservations within their respective territories steer... Spent many lonely hours piling rocks into high stacks called cairns -54 degrees Fahrenheit moving from -54 Fahrenheit... Has physical proof of the area to become known as the 41st state to join the union, officially a... Also called “ the Treasure state ) has 56 counties, 46 counties have average populations of just people... Disaster and mass exodus six American States timber and zinc largest city in Montana that physical. Mountain in Spanish had also become a large industry and farming grew as a result of homesteading in U.S.. Bumper crops and high prices, a position Sitting Bull held his entire life and grow on. He built a smelter Americans fought to protect their hunting grounds waves of grain, ” Montana take! Amber waves of grain, ” Montana will take your breath away with its unspoiled natural. Had an incredible diameter of 15 inches incorporated into the union ] ) ist ein Bundesstaat im Nordwesten der Staaten. Where the buffalo roam, Montana is home to supervolcanoes are zinc, copper, silver and sapphires see of! So if you ’ re looking for a home where the buffalo roam, Montana was named an estimated grizzly! State Park, Montana offers almost 28 million acres of public lands, almost 30 percent of Lewis. Territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 silver and sapphires largest breeding population of golden eagles the. Just 6 people or less people per square miles why the grizzly bear the...