But progress comes slowly. Coordinating the provision of support services for children with special needs The discussion highlighted reasons for promoting an inclusive approach to education, including: the social and education benefits for children with and without disabilities; and the support that inclusive education gives to the development of an inclusive society. This entails reaching out to all learners and removing all barriers that could limit participation and achievement. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In a true inclusive education, everyone feels safe and has a sense of belonging. Every approach developed in a particular situation must be constantly re-evaluated and altered to ensure it really addresses every learners’ needs – and it may not work the same in another situation. This paper concerns factors associated with the successful implementation of inclusive education. This topic was recently debated by EENET Eastern Africa’s email discussion group (see page 29 for more information). Students and their parents participate in setting learning goals and take part in decisions that affect them. Inclusive systems provide a better quality education for all children and are instrumental in changing discriminatory attitudes. Friendships; Increased social initiations, relationships and networks; Peer role models for academic, social and behavior skills Some felt that inclusive education is not about ‘inclusion at all costs’ (i.e. Some contributors discussed the idea of using special schools or classes for several years to build learners’ specific skills, such as Braille, Sign Language and other language skills, before including them in mainstream classes. What role, if any, do you think special schools can, should or have played in the development of inclusive education? Inclusive education is the provision of services to students with disabilities in their neighbourhood schools with necessary support services and supplementary aids for both children and teachers. How can community play an important role in providing suitable education and helping in the educational process? putting children into a situation where they are not able to learn). Benefits of Inclusive Education. Inclusive education is when all students, regardless of any challenges they may have, are placed in age-appropriate general education classes that are in their own neighborhood schools to receive high-quality instruction, interventions, and supports that enable them to meet success in the core curriculum (Bui, Quirk, Almazan, & Valenti, 2010; Alquraini & Gut, 2012). This is a controversial issue. Inclusive systems require changes at all levels of society. The discussions demonstrated the need for constant creativity and flexibility in developing education systems that cater for the needs of all learners. It’s not either-or; simply sharing the same physical space, but engaging in completely different activities, is not inclusive. the Role for the School Leader The task of the principal is to then make it happen... A critical stage for accomplishing inclusive schools is establishing collaborative teams within your school that act as decision making bodies that reference the philosophy and standard of inclusion. Inclusive education is not only concerned with disabled children or with finding an alternative to segregated special school. Both systems have benefits, and drawbacks. However, teachers often feel ill prepared and, hence, may be apprehensive toward the inclusion of students with special education needs (SEN) in regular classrooms. Some felt that inclusive education is not about ‘inclusion at all costs’ (i.e. The The benefits of inclusion for students with Special Education Needs are as follows: 1) Spending the school day alongside classmates who do not have disabilities provides many opportunities for social interaction that would not be available in segregated settings. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Using special education to build skills Dimity Taylor on behalf of the Eastern Africa e-group. However, every child has the right to attend school close to their home, and specialisation can be expensive. There is still much disagreement around the role of special schools in the move towards inclusive education. Benefits of Inclusion for Students With Disabilities. 2) Children with Special Education Needs have appropriate models of behavior. Schools provide the context for a child’s first relationship with the world outside their families, enabling the development of social relationships and interactions. EENET wants to hear from you! The idea of developing mainstream schools that specialise in the inclusion of children with a particular impairment has been debated (e.g. strengthening and sustaining the participation of all students, teachers, parents and community members in the work of the school. Inclusive classrooms are a blend of students without disabilities and students with special needs. and.expectations.within.educational.communities.. In almost all cases, a special needs student will be accompanied by a special education teacher, who acts as the liaison between the student and the teacher. ADVERTISEMENTS: Community is an informal and active agency of education. At the school level, teachers must be trained, buildings must be refurbished and students must receive accessible learning materials. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Contributors felt that this transitional approach could draw on the positive characteristics of special schools – such as ensuring children with disabilities can interact with and support each other – as well as on those of inclusive education. Inclusive education is about ensuring the best education, both socially and academically, for all children, including, but not limited to those with disabilities. Furthermore, an increase in special school placement has been reported, prompting this investigation of the role of special schools in the current climate of inclusion. Developing ‘specialised’ inclusive schools Students as advocates for inclusion is critical in realizing this goal. Beyond the role of teachers mentioned in Teachers’ Readiness for Inclusive Education, students are directly involved in the school culture as they may not only be affected by exclusion, but also instigate it. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Inclusive education means students and special needs students learn while sharing the same physical space and interacting socially and academically. Tailors teaching for all learners. Participants suggested there is no need to draw a hard line between special schools and inclusive approaches to education. putting children into a situation where they are not able to learn). So, ‘specialised’ inclusive schools need also to be resource centres that support ‘non-specialised’ inclusive schools to educate children with specific impairments in their community school. Inclusive education allows students of all backgrounds to learn and grow side by side, to the benefit of all. 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